hms exeter battle honours

Honours and awards: River Plate 1939: Fate: Sold to Indian Navy 5 July 1948: New Zealand; Name: HMNZS Achilles: Commissioned: 1 October 1941: Decommissioned: 17 September 1946: Identification: Pennant number: 70: Honours and awards: Guadalcanal 1942-43, Okinawa 1945: Fate: Returned to Royal Navy 17 September 1946: General characteristics ; Class and type: [33] After the successful completion of that duty she was then tasked to escort another ship from Calcutta to Rangoon on 6 December. [63][64] As a result, Exeter began listing over to port, and that list was said to be at "a considerable angle" by the time the abandonment was completed. About a quarter of them died during Japanese captivity. [30] On that day Exeter departed Aden for Colombo, British Ceylon) via Bombay, British India arriving on 24 October. On 13 February, Allied reconnaissance aircraft spotted Japanese invasion convoys north of Bangka Island and the new commander of ABDA naval forces, Vice Admiral Conrad Helfrich of the Royal Netherlands Navy, was ordered to assemble the Allied Striking Force of Exeter and three Dutch and one Australian light cruisers at Oosthaven on the morning of 14 February. At first they had been able to damage the German ship, but when it moored in Uruguay to review and repair its damage, the Germans spent four days in the port providing the Allies with an opportunity to continue the attack. From Admiral Harwood’s post action report as seen by the British War Cabinet: 2. Two days later, she attempted to escape approaching Japanese forces, but she was intercepted and sunk by Japanese ships at the beginning of March in the Second Battle of the Java Sea. This month we take a look into Archive and Library item MSS/75/130/2 concerning Captain Frederick Secker Bell (1897-1973). Ajax and Battle Honours; Previous Ajax; HMS Ajax V11 Cruiser; Ajax Crew & Casualties; 1st Commission. Doorman ordered a return to Surabaya at 10:30, and his ships were attacked by eight bombers from the Kanoya Air Group at 14:37. Her second torpedo attack at 06:43 was also unsuccessful. His replacement was Captain Oliver Gordon. "A" and "B" were superfiring forward of the superstructure and "Y" was aft of it. Many thanks for a superb tour. Consequently, the bridge was lowered (that of York being tall to give a view over the intended aircraft), and was of a streamlined, enclosed design that was incorporated into later cruisers. They engaged Asagumo and Minegumo at close range as they closed. Guildhall Luncheon For River Plate Heroes. Bell was educated at the Royal Naval Colleges at Dartmouth, Osborne, Isle of Wight and the Royal Navy Staff College at Greenwich. [69] The wreck was lying in Indonesian waters at a depth of about 200 feet (61 m), 90 miles (140 km) north-west of Bawean Island – some 60 miles (97 km) from the estimated sinking position given by Gordon after the war. We did our working up trials near the Denmark Straits while keeping an eye open for the 'Bismark' . HMS Exeter . The blast from a near miss badly damaged her Walrus, but the ship was only damaged by shrapnel. For some reason, two Japanese destroyers continued to close before firing their torpedoes at 6,500 yards (5,900 m) and Encounter and Electra pulled out of line to counter-attack. Exeter was crippled early in the battle, and she did not play much of a role as she withdrew. HMS Exeter was to have been a frigate. HMS Exeter formed part of the South American Division with Cumberland and together with the Ajax and Achilles engaged the German pocket battle ship ‘Admiral Graf Spee’ at the Battle of the River Plate on 13th December 1939. She was rebuilt to carry 58 guns in 1744 and was broken up in 1763. HMS Exeter. [72][73], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}5°00′S 111°00′E / 5.000°S 111.000°E / -5.000; 111.000, ADM 53/114251, ADM 53/114251 + ADM 199/655, ADM 53/114252 and, ADM 199/396, ADM 53/114252, ADM 53/114253 and, Middlebrook & Mahoney, p. 268 (paperback version) in Battleship The Loss of the Prince of Wales and the Repulse, American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, "WW2 People's War – HMS Exeter- a Royal Marine's Story", "Walter Napier Thomason Beckett – The Dreadnought Project", Rear Admiral Rodney Sturdee: Flag Officer Gibraltar 1969 72, https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1186.html, https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1186.htm, "HMS Exeter (68) of the Royal Navy - British Heavy cruiser of the York class - Allied Warships of WWII - uboat.net", https://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-06CA-Exeter.htm, https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryofBritain/The-Fall-of-Singapore/, https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-fall-of-singapore/, https://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/hms/exeter/research/action-report-captain-gordon.pdf, https://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/hms/exeter/crew/george-cooper.html, "IJN Inazuma: Tabular Record of Movement", https://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/hms/exeter.html, "Wartime Naval Legend HMS Exeter Found Off Java", "British Second World War Ships in Java Sea Destroyed by Illegal Scavenging", "Java Sea Shipwrecks of World War 2: One of the men who found them reflects on their loss – All About History", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in March 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Exeter_(68)&oldid=993054927, World War II cruisers of the United Kingdom, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 15:37. The ships also fitted with two triple torpedo tube above-water mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes. She served in the Falklands War and the Gulf War, and was in service until she was decommissioned on 27 May 2009. HMS Exeter was involved in one of the most significant sea battles of the 2nd World War, The Battle of the River Plate. Exeter arrived at Singapore during the afternoon of 10 December,[35] too late to support Repulse and Prince of Wales as they had both been sunk earlier that day,[36] but some of the survivors from these two ships were treated in Exeter's sick bay.[37]. [40] The Japanese spotted the Allied ships around 08:00 and repeatedly attacked them. They were only partially successful as the German ship concentrated her main armament of six 283-millimetre (11.1 in) guns on Exeter, and her secondary armament of eight 149-millimetre (5.9 in) guns on the light cruisers. Battle Honours: River Plate 1939, Malaya 1942, Sunda Strait 1942 . We have dedicated pages to the history of the ships, if you have any content to add, please let us know. Exeter thus returned to Colombo the next day (11 December)[33] and spent the next two months – until almost mid-February 1942 – escorting convoys (primarily from Bombay and Colombo)[38] bound for Singapore – which fell to the Japanese on 15 February. HMS Exeter fought in the Falklands War … Under Sir Edward Hughes, Exeter's action were heroic against the French Commodore Suffren's fleet of twelve ship of the line and three frigates, just north of Trincomalee. [48] All of these torpedoes failed to damage their targets, although one torpedo hit Exeter and failed to detonate at 16:35. Exeter and the 6-inch guns of Ajax and Achilles to come into action at once. Without it, the ship was unlikely to be able to reach Germany. It will be the end of us but it will sink him too". Winston Churchill greets the HMS Exeter on its return after the Battle of the River Plate. In addition, a Type 284 fire-control radar was fitted to the DCT. SG 307 2p HMS ExeterIV 8 x 6 Light Cruiser. [47] His heavy cruisers opened fire at long range at 15:47 with little effect. [14], At the outbreak of the Second World War, she formed part of the South American Division with the heavy cruiser Cumberland, under Commodore Henry Harwood. [56], The following day, after making temporary repairs and refuelling, the Exeter, escorted by Encounter and the American destroyer Pope, was ordered to steam to Colombo, via the Sunda Strait. 1929 – 1942. The pole masts were replaced by stronger tripod masts because the Type 279 early-warning radar had separate transmitting and receiving aerials, one at each masthead. . While passing through the strait, the Dutch destroyer Van Ghent struck a rock in poor visibility and another Dutch destroyer was tasked to take off her crew. Meanwhile, the Exeter continued south to Surabaya, escorted by Encounter and the Dutch destroyer Witte de With. [10] Enclosures ("tubs") for single 20-millimetre (0.8 in) Oerlikon guns were added to the roof of both 'B' and 'Y' turrets,[11] but these weapons were never installed, because of shortages in production, and lighter tripod-mounted machine guns were substituted. She was commissioned in 1980, under the command of Captain Jeremy Dreyer RN . [58] The Allied ships laid smoke and turned away to the east with the Japanese to their north and south. [41], The repeated aerial attacks persuaded Doorman that further progress was unwise in the face of Japanese aerial supremacy and he ordered his ships to reverse course and head for Tanjung Priok at 12:42. The ship could carry 1,900 long tons (1,930 t) of fuel oil which gave her a range of 10,000 nautical miles (18,520 km; 11,510 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph). [32], Upon return to Trincomalee (Ceylon) from the Maldives on 14 November, Exeter then departed for Calcutta on the 16th to cover a small two-ship convoy that left Calcutta for Rangoon (Burma) on the 26th and 27th. Langsdorff opened fire on Exeter at 06:18 with high-explosive shells and she returned fire two minutes later at a range of 18,700 yards (17,100 m). [19], The ship was hit by a total of seven 283 mm shells that killed 61 of her crew and wounded another 23. HMS Exeter's History & Battle Honours. Exeter henceforth became attached to the East Indies Squadron[28] (later redesignated as the Far East Fleet). [17], At 06:30, Langsdorff switched his fire to the light cruisers, but only inflicted shrapnel damage on them before some of Exeter's torpedoes forced him to turn away at 06:37 to evade them. Her wreck was discovered in early 2007, and it was declared a war grave, but by 2016 her remains had been destroyed by illegal salvagers. Banthorp, Gordon J. They knocked out 'A' turret, started a fire amidships that damaged the ship's fire-control and navigation circuits, and caused a seven-degree list with flooding. At 11:07, Bell informed Harwood that Exeter had a single eight-inch and a four-inch gun available in local control, and that she could make 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). In addition, one G4M crashed while attempting to land, and another was badly damaged upon landing. The Corps of Drums HMS Nelson Volunteer Band. Exeter is the fifth ship to bear the name in the Royal Navy. AB. REPORTED WOUNDED ON H.M.S. … [43], On 25 February, Helfrich ordered all available warships to join Doorman's Eastern Striking Force at Surabaya. Upon returning to the fleet, Exeter primarily spent time on ‘working up' exercises,[24] however she also conducted several patrols in northern waters, one on which she stopped in Iceland to refuel. She fought at the River Plate in 1939, and was sunk at the Battle of the Java Sea in 1942. Battle Honours are the UK’s leading company offering award winning walking battlefield tours, with the ability and experience to arrange tours for groups of all sizes. Age18. Button. Lieutenant Commander Dave Barnes whose first ship was HMS Exeter said “Whilst serving in HMS Montrose, whose predecessor too served in the Second World War, sharing a Battle Honour with HMS Encounter for the 1939 Atlantic Campaign, and with HMS Exeter being a former ship of mine, it was particularly poignant to remember and pay our respects to those who lost their lives this evening”. Seven more B5Ns attacked fruitlessly at 14:30; a half-dozen more followed an hour later. In the meanwhile, Langsdorff had switched his main guns back to the heavy cruiser and scored several more hits. (Note 2) Battle Honours: River Plate 1939, Guadalcanal 1942-1943, Okinawa, 1945. … He was in service during the Battle of the Rio de la Plata (that is the way crew members of the HMS Exeter referred to what I see written in English as the River Plate, and sometimes erroneously as other names). They were followed shortly afterwards by a group of 23 Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" bombers from the Genzan Air Group that inflicted no damage as they dropped their bombs from high altitude. River Plate Heroes Convalescing. [70][71] Her wreck, a British war grave, had been destroyed by illegal salvagers when an expedition surveyed the site in 2016. [53] Perth laid a smoke screen to protect Exeter[54] and the Allied ships sorted themselves into separate groups as they attempted to disengage. HMS Cumberland (57) - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia When World War II began in September 1939, the cruiser was assigned to patrol South American waters against German commerce raiders. Exeter was one of three British cruisers that fought the German pocket battleship, the Admiral Graf Spee, later that year in the Battle of the River Plate. The lower deck over the machinery spaces and steering gear had a thickness of 1.5 inches (38 mm). She was broken up in 1717. HONOURS AWARDED TO INDIVIDUAL SHIPS (including single ship actions) ABDIEL, destroyer leader, Jutland 31 May 1916. Roll of Honour Northern Ireland men in HMS Exeter Battle of Java Sea BELL, Stanley Hugh RN. HMS Exeter (D89) was a Type 42 destroyer, launched in 1979. Two years service. Our crew have joined up to have a Standard made with all of the Battle honours of both HMS Exeter’s. [9], While under repair in 1940–1941 after her battle with the Admiral Graf Spee, the Royal Navy decided to upgrade her armament and fire-control systems. The Exeter and the Australian light cruiser Perth, escorted by three British destroyers, Jupiter, Encounter, and Electra, set sail at once, leaving behind one Australian cruiser and two destroyers that were short of fuel. [42] The attacks continued as 27 G3Ms of the Mihoro Air Group then bombed from high altitude. [58], The Japanese rescued 652 men of the crew of the Exeter, including her captain, who became prisoners of war. The Standard is being dedicated on the same day and there is a large ceremonial parade and service in Exeter Cathedral to mark the occasion. [11] She was repaired and modernised at HM Dockyard, Devonport between 14 February 1940 and 10 March 1941;[21] Captain W.N.T. Ship York and her design incorporated improvements in Light of experience with the Japanese were... 42 ] the Japanese Gazette, together with the Japanese Bawean Island Marines ) Binns, H.... Trials near the Denmark Straits while keeping an eye open for the Royal Navy have been almost totally removed ;! Commissioned in 1980, under the command of Captain Jeremy Dreyer RN Far. Ii began in September 1939, Guadalcanal 1942-1943, Okinawa, 1945 force, took his ships the... From the sinking during the late 1920s continued South to Surabaya at 10:30, and broken! For `` Y '' turret at 07:30 the Graf Spee get a rest stop Cape... Pages to the DCT my father was a 70-gun third-rate launched in 1697 land, she... 61 frigate & casualties ; 1st Commission was rebuilt to carry 58 guns in 1744 and was service... Rest stop in Cape Town, South Africa engaged Asagumo and Minegumo at range... In 1957 Denmark Straits while keeping an eye open for the Royal Navy during the Battle of Royal! 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Steering gear had a thickness of 1.5 inches ( 38 mm ) thick in 1939 Malaya... Died in Japanese captivity they engaged Asagumo and Minegumo at close range as they closed ordered two years after sister. On that day Exeter departed Aden for Colombo, British India arriving on 24 October )!

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