Gut-loading crickets and dusting them with calcium powder before feeding your Nile monitor is vital for a growing reptile but if you are feeding whole mice or rats it is not necessary to add anything to them. Monitors that have especially large enclosures with numerous hiding spots may be at less of a risk for injuries from their food but the potential for bites is still there. Nile monitors are generalist feeders and hunt for prey on the surface, below ground, in trees and in fresh and saltwater (Losos and Greene 1988). When you just purchased it from a pet shop, place it in the cage immediately without handling it. In the wild the Nile monitor is opportunistic and feeds on a varied diet of insects, mollusk, fish, small birds and mammals, and even raids the nest of the Nile crocodile and consumes the eggs. How to Keep Your Narrow-Bridged Musk Turtles Like an Expert? They have a broad choice for food that allows them to hunt on the surface and below the ground, in the trees, and in salt and freshwater. If you want to get one in captivity, depending on the place where you live, you may need to have a permit. If your pet is staying in a place that is comfortable and stress-free, it will surely keep them healthy. In the wild, monitors eat reptiles, small mammals, insects, eggs, birds, crustaceans, fish, turtles, and even dead animals. Your goal within the next few weeks is to create a bond between them; it does not come overnight so be patient. However, unlike broad-snouted monitors, the narrow-snouted Nile monitor can feed only on relatively small vertebrates (with body width less than 2/3 the width of the monitor’s head). When they are young, Nile monitors will whip their tails if they feel threatened. For older juveniles, king mealworms can substitute for crickets, and larger mice can be offered. Nile Monitors tend to be both predator and scavenger. Their eye-sight appears to be good. After a few weeks, you may feed them through the use of thongs, make sure not to do sudden movements that may frighten them. Once these parasites feed on your pet, their immune system is lowered, making them more susceptible to different kinds of illnesses. These hatchlings are expected to mature sexually when they are about 3 years old. The tails of a Nile Monitor may grow up to the meter. They require large cages or tanks as they grow quickly when fed with a nutritious diet. Stout-bodied and powerful, this formidable reptile has an elongated snake-like head, sharp claws, and a long, compressed tail which it uses to great effect when under threat. They may not be an ideal pet, but they are the hardy ones. Usually, an adult Nile Monitor is given a pinch of calcium and vitamin D3 a couple of times a week. They also make noises such as hissing especially when they are threatened. They have an aggressive personality from childhood that they can carry out until adulthood, especially if they are grown in their natural environment. Provided that they have a large size and heavyweight, they have a powerful leg that makes them a fast runner. Some accessories that you can put in their tank can be found on some reptile pet shops just makes sure to choose accessories that do not have sharp edges so that it won’t cause any harm. Ideal foods are; mice, rats, fish, crawdads, crickets, superworms, beef heart, and hard boiled eggs. These reptiles are often available on the pet shops and are widely sold on the internet. I. After doing this process all over again, you’ll notice that your pet will soon seek your attention because they’ll begin to see that you are an advantage to their survival. On land, the Nile monitor walks with a sinuous swagger and will sometimes climb trees to bask, feed or sleep. Aside from different accessories to be placed inside your monitor’s housing, it is also advisable to at least place a bowl or small basin of water in your setup to hydrate to avoid different skin problems such as scale rot. The Nile Monitor is a native to Africa, and their species are distributed throughout the other parts of the world, in the central and southern regions of the continents, mostly in Sudan and central Egypt along the Nile River. Nile monitors are carnivores (scavengers). They are not the friendliest pets that can be tame because even if you would pet it at an early age, there is no assurance that you’ll get their trust because of their ill-temperateness. You cannot see them in the desert area of Africa because they thrive in areas where there are bodies of water. Young monitors are better fed every day and do well on crickets, roaches, and other bugs. When the female Nile Monitors reached the age of 2 or when it is about 14 inches in length, that is the time it reaches sexual maturity. Even though you cannot see any signs of diseases on its physical appearance and that it is still active, experts would suggest having it checked by a veterinarian at least once a year so that they could also check its health on the inside. Wild Nile monitors eat live prey items but it is not recommended to feed live mice or rats to a pet Nile monitor due to the risk of the prey biting your lizard. Their captive home should at least close to or mimic their natural habitat. Since 1975, Nile Monitors are considered endangered in Africa because of wide hunting for their skin to be made into leather and for food delicacies. I am getting a bigeer tank soon. They should be fed every 2-3 days. Using bowls that can be firmly attached to the side of the cage is the best way to prevent spillage. It has a long neck, powerful tail and claws, and well-developed limbs. It has long, sharp claws and a semi-prehensile tail that aids it in the treetops by curling around branches, This monitor species is a native to warm forests and grasslands. Nile Monitors are always hungry but be sure to feed them in portions so as not to overfeed them. In some cultures, they are often hunted to get their fat from the reproductive organs in the belief that it can cure different human illnesses. Handling them and taking them out of their tank causes stress that is why make sure to only hold them if it is necessary so as not to trigger the aggressiveness in them. By using The Spruce Pets, you accept our, Frill Necked Lizards (Frilled Dragons): Species Profile, The 9 Best Bearded Dragon Supplies of 2020, The 15 Best Gifts for Animal Lovers in 2020, Prolapsed Hemipenes in Lizards and Geckos, PetSafe Smart Feed Automatic Pet Feeder Review. If you would forcibly hold or touch it, you are just making the taming process difficult lengthy. If your Nile monitor lives outside year-round and gets natural sunlight this light is not necessary. It is always important to always monitor the diet given to your pet because obesity to these reptiles is an issue. Feed your monitor a few times a week and adjust the meal schedule if your pet becomes too thin or overweight. When considering how much an adult monitor eats in a week (several large rats) you can see how expensive owning a Nile monitor will get. These reptiles are strong, can be aggressive, and are large. The Nile Monitor (Varanus niloticus) is a species of monitor lizard from the savannas of Africa. Monitor lizards are susceptible to metabolic bone disease, the result of a diet that lacks calcium. An excessive supplementation to these nutrients may lead to hypercalcemia which is fatal. Pet collectors also keep them in captivity places in large tanks. A team of scientists has shown that lizards have the capability of recognizing their human handlers and shows signs of comfortability like tailing their tails. Nile Monitors use their sense of sight and sense of taste so that they could sense what’s the environment where they are in has to offer them. Scientists are also studying the possibilities that like dinosaurs, monitor lizards also have the ability to distinguish colors. Adrienne Kruzer, RVT, has worked with a variety of animals for over 15 years, including birds of prey, reptiles, and small mammals. At almost 60 eggs per clutch, this Nile Monitor has the largest clutch size among the lizard family. The housing also needs to be secure enough to prevent a monitor from escaping by burrowing under a fence or climbing out. By proving your monitor with proper care, habitat, food, and proper handling you can be sure that you will be able to keep your pet for a long time. You will know that you’re pet has been tamed if you can now handle them easily without tension and when they can already climb up into your arms. They are considered as solitary, they would only have intra-species interaction during the mating season. If you are considering getting a pet Nile monitor make sure you have a large and safe enclosure. These substrates allow their fingers to stay in the same position and not to be deformed. To prevent this illness, exposure to proper lighting, feeding them with the right diet, and supplying them with calcium and vitamin D3 is helpful. Nile monitors have voracious appetites. Other food items will be eagerly accepted, but are not necessary for balanced nutrition - feed them only for your entertainment or that of the monitor. Their sharp teeth and sharp claw is helpful in tearing food, climbing, digging, and defending themselves. It is important to treat any cuts or scrapes immediately because it may be a possible cause of infection. It is a devout carnivore that only feeds on insects, small rodents, eggs, and flying mammals that are nesting. Nile monitors are native to Africa (although an invasive population is thriving in Florida) where the weather is hot. They would usually live alone during the adolescent stage, but during their younger years, they would remain in groups engaging in mutual tongue-licking, grooming, and body rubbing. If you suspect your Nile monitor has one of these conditions, you should seek treatment from a veterinarian who specializes in lizards. Nile Monitors has high levels of digging activities; that is why the best substrates in their housing should have mixes of peat moss-based potting soil, some coarser material such as a fine grade ground limestone, with ground fir bark and sand to as to protect their nails as well. The Nile Monitor can adapt to a wide variety of habitats from dry savannas, woodlands, grasslands, scrub, mangroves, swamps, and tropical rainforests. Nile monitors make great pets for the EXPERIENCED OWNER and are not recommended as beginner pets. The Ornate Nile Monitor is restricted to the southernmost sections of its wild distribution. Young Nile Monitor’s weight may range between 0.8 to 1.7 kg (1.8 to 3.7 lb), and the adults have a ranging weight of 5.9 to 15 kg (13 to 33 lb). How to Help Gecko Lizard with Dystocia Lay Eggs, How to Give The Green Anole the Care it Deserves, Blue-Spotted (Blue Tree) Monitor Care Sheet. The economic importance of Nile Monitors to humans is that they are usually exploited species where it is used for leather and for food. They perceive their environments through visual, tactile, auditory and chemical stimuli. If raised from a very young age and handled regularly, you may be able to trust your monitor a little bit but more often than not they aren't very tame or trustworthy. The martial eagle is considered as the biggest enemy of Nile Monitors because it has the ability to rupture their skin; they can carry monitors even though they have a weight of 4kg and above. As your pet grows older, it is prone to different factors that may be a cause of the detrimental of its health, that is why some veterinarians would give them supplements. In captivity, Nile monitors can be prone to burns if the lighting equipment or heat source gets too close. Nile monitors in the same group age don’t possess the same size and weight but they have an average size that ranges between 1.3 to 1.8 meters in length, and their tail’s length measures half of the total length of their upper body. Baby Nile monitors. Owning a Nile Monitor can be very expensive just by looking at its food consumption on a weekly basis. In captive specimens, an albino form has been developed, although these are rare and costly. During this phase, it is not yet advisable to hold them. Both male and female Nile Monitors do not exhibit sexual dimorphism or differences when it comes to their physical appearance, weight, and size. Nile monitor feeding and info session. Any animal that gets in between this lizard and a meal had better beware. It should be thoroughly cooked as it may still carry dangerous viruses and bacteria. The Nile Monitor suffering from calcium and vitamin D3 Deficiency shows swollen limbs, jaws, and other parts of their body, constipation, softening of the bones, and weight loss. If you are considering getting one, make sure to be prepared in welcoming it into your home because no matter how much care you show them, they will still see you as a threat. They eat a lot and sometimes ingest sand or other things they can't digest. Feeding Nile Monitors . Chinese Water Dragon/Green Water Dragon Care Sheet, How to Keep Your Radiated Turtles in Good Health.